Why did the GDR collapse

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  • Created by: elle1999
  • Created on: 18-03-16 18:03
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  • Why did the GDR collapse?
    • Pressure for reform
      • Growing pressure- liberalisation.
      • Prague Springs
      • Small autonomous groups.
        • 80-90 ecological groups.
        • Environmental committee hall raided by Stasi.
    • Protestant opposition groups.
      • Had to balance the state and God.
        • Protective cover
      • Wanted to survive in difficult climate.
      • 1978 accord by Honecker.
      • Stasi monitored church
      • View that they contributed to reform limited.
    • Declining authority of SED
      • May elections 1998, 98% SED
      • Obvious FRG had higher standard of living.
      • People still loyal
      • Reluctant to take action against own party.
      • Economy
      • Gorbachev
      • Protest groups
    • Opening of the Berlin wall
      • Honecker- wall would stand for 50 more years.
      • Hungary's border opens with Austria.
      • 30,000
      • Closed East Germany's border with Czechoslovakia
    • Emigration
      • 250,000 in one year.
      • New forum
      • 75% under 40
      • Rallys outside Leipzig church
    • Gorbachev's visit to East Berlin
      • 40th anniversary
      • 700 arrested
      • Urged Honecker to implement Soviet style reforms
      • SED would not authorise repression  without Soviet support.
        • Fear after Tiananman square uprising response

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