Why did the Armada fail

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  • Why Did the Armada fail?
    • The Armada was badly supplied
      • Food was stored in barrels made out of inferior wood
        • Because of Drake's raid on Cadiz
          • This meant the new ones had to be made quickly
        • This lead to food rotting quickly
      • The food was of poor quality
        • This lead to the Spanish to be tired and not as alert
    • Poor comunication between Spanish and Dutch fleets
      • It took a week for the Spanish to communicate with there dutch troops
        • This meant the Armada  needed to wait in Calais
    • English navel tactics
      • English commanders Admiral Lord Howard and Sir Francis Drake
      • The English kept their distance from the Spanish ships 
        • meaning the Spanish couldn’t use their favoured technique of using grappling hooks to climb on to boats and use hand to hand combat.
      • Used fire ships to scare and scatter the Spanish
        • causes them to be weak as the Spanish mainly used a tightknit formation. 
    • Elizabeth listened to expert advice
      • The Treasurer of the navy told Elizabeth they need warships which were fast and easily manoeuvrable
    • Weather
      • The English used the wind direction to their advantage 
        • English navel tactics
          • English commanders Admiral Lord Howard and Sir Francis Drake
          • The English kept their distance from the Spanish ships 
            • meaning the Spanish couldn’t use their favoured technique of using grappling hooks to climb on to boats and use hand to hand combat.
          • Used fire ships to scare and scatter the Spanish
            • causes them to be weak as the Spanish mainly used a tightknit formation. 
      • Delays in setting sail and bad weather led to the spanish being at sea for 10 weeks before they reached the channel
        • This lead to the Spanish to be tired and not as alert
    • Superior English ships
      • The English had galleons
        • The canons also had a much smaller recoil  
          • This meant the English could reload and fire them much quicker
        • But as the English only had 24 galleons was not the only reason the Armada failed. 
        • Galleons were faster and much easier to manoeuvre 
        • The Treasurer of the navy told Elizabeth they need warships which were fast and easily manoeuvrable

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