Poverty: The Poor - In Britain 1830-75

A clear mind map to help recognise the types of poor in Britain in the years 1830-75. 

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  • Who were the poor?          Henry Mayhew
    • 'Those who will work'
      • Able-bodied poor who undertook a wide range of jobs
      • Jobs ranged from Cabinet Makers and jewlellers of London.
      • They were manual workers
    • 'Those who cannot work'
      • Some of the able-bodied poor could not work because there simply was no work for them to do.
        • In bad weather, house painters and brick layers could not work.
        • Many Labourers could not work because of crashed limbs, smashed skulls, broken backs and diseases.
          • Usually from the conditions of their work places.
    • 'Those who will not work'
      • People who chose not to work.
      • Beggers and vagrants were a common sight.
      • Mostly men and boys
    • Who were the paupers?
      • People who could not support themselves and their families at a level generally acceptable to society and so were given relief.
      • 'Outdoor' relief: food, clothing or grants of money from the pauper's parish. Able to stay at home/
      • 'Indoor' relief: paupers given support  only if they entered a parish workhouse.


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