Who had the power in the 2nd reich 1900-14

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Who had the power in the Second Reich from 1900-14?
    • Traditional elites
      • Bundersrat- Prussia 17/58 seats. Three class franchise. More tax=higher vote. Always dominated by conservatives
      • Bulow- protect constitution. Sammslungspolitik- alliance of conservative interests, protectionism and Weltpolitik (navy law)
      • Reichstag- one person one vote. Votes of middle and lower class worth less. B-H tries to reform but they are dropped.
      • Zabern Affair- highlights influence of cons group and lack of power from Reichstag. 1913. B-H sides with army not Reichstag.
    • Kaiser
      • Prussian king.
      • control over foreign policy
      • rule not share power with Reichstag
      • political parties wouldn't challenge the Kaiser in fear of being painted disloyal.
    • Mass political movements.
      • Split socialists- revisionists work through system to achieve change, others wanted revolution. SPD seen as a threat.
      • Trade Unions were powerful. Bulow and B-H introduce reforms. 1900 Accident insurance ectended. 1908 less factory work
      • fragmented RW politics because of eco changes. Protect own interests. The Mitteslands Association and Mittesland league (farmers and shop keepers)
    • Reichstag-
      • control over defense budget but only vote once every five years. Annual budget limited by protectionism. Members not paid
      • urbanisation- Zentrum and SPD had most votes 1907
      • daily telegraph affair
    • Military
      • Kaiser turn for military for advice.
      • 1904- Herero crisis- Centre party shocked. Highlights lack of parliamentary control over the army.


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The rise of Germany from 1871 resources »