Whitechapel

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  • Whitechapel
    • conditions
      • pollution
        • smog
        • result of industry
        • soot from coal for fires
        • fumes
          • houses near roads and railways
      • disease
        • open sewage
        • overcrowding
      • overcrowding
        • pop density of 189 people per acre
          • 4 times the pop density of the whole of London
    • housing
      • rookeries
        • cheapest
          • unsanitary
            • poor sewerage
          • overcrowded
            • narrow yards
          • dilapidation
        • lodging houses
          • temporary stay
          • 4d per night
          • 1871: 902 lodgers in 31 doss houses
        • bad reputation
          • prostitution
          • violence
            • Ripper supposedly lived on Flower or Dean Street
              • crime
          • crime
          • thieves
          • alcoholics
      • overcrowded
        • 7.5 people per house
      • Peabody Estate
        • began
          • by George Peabody
          • in 1862
            • first block of housing built 2 years later
              • 1 toilet per 2 flats
              • 57 dwellings
              • 9 shops
          • with the aim to improve living conditions for the poor
        • actions
    • observers
      • Gustave Dore
        • French artist
          • biased
            • outsider
            • wanted conditions to seem bad
          • made exaggerations
    • Employment
      • unemployed
        • workhouses
          • unpopular
            • strict rules
              • on diet
              • on sleeping hours
              • on working hours
              • on type of work
                • cleaning
                • oakum picking
                • cooking
            • segregation of families
              • parents could only see children once per day
          • for orphans
            • Dr Thomas Barnardo set up orphanages
              • first in 1870
              • by 1905 there were 100 Barnardo homes
                • which saved 8500 orphans from workhouses
        • death
      • factories
        • most famous is the Bell Foundry
      • sweat shops
        • trades
          • tailoring
          • shoemaking
          • matchmaking
        • conditions
          • small
          • dusty
          • no natural light
          • long hours
          • low wages
    • politics
      • Socialists
        • want to look after the poor
          • did a Trafalgar Square demonstration 1887
            • led to bloody Sunday
      • Anarchists
        • oppose organised government
          • when revolution failed, leaders fled to Britain
            • East End viewed as a refuge for terrorists
          • 1893 Special Branch set up to monitor their activity
            • Eastern European accent -> terrorist
    • immigrants
      • Irish
        • pop grew in 1840s
          • unliked
            • violent when drunk
        • Fenians
          • carried out terrorist attacks for freedom
            • unliked
              • violent when drunk
            • 1885 Dynamite Saturday -attacked London Bridge, House of commons, Tower of London
              • 1867 bombed Clerkenwell prison
      • Jews
        • escaping prosecution
          • unliked
            • due to business success
            • due to foreign customs

Comments

missmerelda

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Sorry it doesn't include policing in Whitechapel! Since it is a large subtopic I'm planning to make a separate mind-map on it...

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