When did the civil war become inevitable?

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  • When did the civil war become inevitable?
    • The impeachment of the Earl of Strafford (March 1641)
      • Bill of attainder (april 1641)
        • Charles I signs Earl of Strafford's death warrant.
          • Charles had no choice but to sign the warrant because fears of civil war, fears for his family, needed parliament to fund war against scotland and crowds were gathering outside an ill-protected Whitehall.
          • The Death of Strafford only sped up chances of civil war.
            • Charles was left humiliated, deflated and isolated
            • Parliament continued to push Charles boundaries,defying his royal prerogative by passing acts.
        • An Act signed by both House of commons and house of lords, but to become a Bill, the king had to sign it.
      • Strafford was accused of trying to establish 'arbitrary government'
      • Parlliment could not find stratford guilty of Treason because he had remarkable skill of defending himself and House of Lords refused to find him guilty
    • Irish Rebellion (october 1641)
      • English Protestants were being slaughtered by Irish catholics who claimed to be acting for the King
      • London was filled with horrifying tales and propaganda of rape and torture
      • The Irish rebeliion provided Pym an opportunity to further diminish Charles prerogative and to strengthern parliment's  resolve
        • LED TO GRAND REMONSTRANCE
          • The review of Charles entire reign, exposing any flaw that could support the evidence for a conspiracy
          • Demanded radical constitutional  changes to the government
            • Parliament to control king's ministers
            • Bishops and Catholic peers removed from House of Lords.
            • Root and Branch reform on the Church
          • The Act was passed by 159 to 148 MPs
          • Pym published remonstrance without sending it to the House of Lords in order to avoid humilation
    • Attempt on the five members.
      • Charles stormed into the house of Commons with troops, demanding the arrests of 5 MPs Pym, Hampden, Holles, strode, Haselrig and Montagu
        • It was a disatrous move for Charles
          • Gained creibility to rumours of a catholic plot
          • Charles lost support in the House of Lords (they signed the Grand Remonstrance   removing bishops
          • Whitehall had no defence over growing amounts of mobs. Charles ended up fleeing to Hampton Court

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