Acts Passed in Disraeli's Second Ministry

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  • Acts Passed in Disraeli's Second Ministry
    • Artisans Dwelling Act 1875 - local authorities if they wished could purchase slum property and organise the new building of cheap properties. this would benefit the urban workers. However, the Act was not compulsory, many authorities who were shy of expense did little. only London and Liverpool were active
      • Partly unsuccessful
      • Minsiter: Cross
      • Tory Democracy? Yes, was trying to offer  housing at a fair price for the working  class
    • Merchant Shipping Act 1876 - ship owners were made to draw lines on the maximum amount of load they could put on their ships. However, no height was specifically ordered so the ship owners could put the line wherever they wanted
      • Minister: Viscount Adderley
      • Unsuccesful
      • Tory Democracy? Yes, was trying to stop ship owners from drowning their crew members for insurance
    • Friendly Societies Act 1875 - societies would be given actuarial advice (financial advice on security) by the government and their funds would be safeguarded
      • Minster: Sir Stafford Northcote
      • Tory Democracy? Yes, trying to help lower classes who would not be able to afford such advice while also protecting their funds
      • Very successful, continued to grow from there on
    • Sale of Foods and Drugs Act 1875 - ingredients harmful to health were forbidden in foods. Certain drugs were forbidden from sale
      • Minister: Scatler-Booth
      • Fairly successful, but it was limited to the prohibition of harmful substances. as adding salt to beer and water to milk was not covered
      • Tory Democracy? Yes
    • Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875 - Legalised peaceful picketing
      • Minister: Cross
      • Ensured the moderate and peaceful development of trade unions. this pleased the trades as Gladstone had previously banned them
    • Employers and Workmen Act 1876 - replaced the Masters and Servant Act.
      • Minister: Cross
      • The law now treated all classes equally
      • Tory Democracy? Yes
    • Licensing Act 1874 - drinking time was increased by 30 minutes
      • Minister: Cross
      • a good example of Disraeli's Government amending an un popular Gladstone Act to gain support
    • Public Health Act 1875 - consolidatorymeasure (bringing together and simplifying a mass of different and possibly contradictory laws)
      • What Scatler-Booth's act did was to consolidate the measure and define the powers of the new authorities more clearly
        • Seen as a triumph for administrative efficiency and as more effective than the Liberal Legislation of 1872.
      • Minister: Scatler-Booth
    • Factory Acts of 1874 and 1878 - decreased the amount of hours needed to work. 60 hours to 56, half for women and young people. the age limit for half time employment for children was raised to 10 and full time to 14
      • Minister: Cross
      • Successful, praises were sung to Cross
    • Education Act 1876 - children between the age of 10 and 14 could only leave school if they had a certificate indicating minimal levels of attainment.
      • Minister: Viscount Sandon
      • Elementary education up to the age of 10 was now effectively compulsory as long as local authorities were prepared to enforce attendance. more and more of them were exempting the poorer families from school fees
      • Tory Democracy? Yes

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