In the Middle Ages, people had different ideas about what caused illness?

View mindmap
  • In the Middle Ages, people had different ideas about what caused illness...
    • Astrology
      • People in the Middle Ages thought that illness had something to do with the stars and planets.
      • When the Black Death killed a lot of people they blamed it on a bad alignment of the planets.
    • Religion
      • People were very religious came up with lots of ideas based on God.
      • Some thought that God gave illness as a punishment for sinful behaviour
      • Others thought that Satan sent illness and disease to test their faith.
      • People believed that God sent illness to purify your soul
    • The theory of the Four Humours
      • The Ancient Greeks made up this theory.
      • The Theory:    the universe is made of four basic elements so the body must be too.
      • You were supposed to keep all the Humours equal. When the mix was unbalanced you became ill.
    • Miasma
      • Miasma means bad air which carried disease.
      • Some people in the Middle Ages thought that swamps, corpses and other rotting matter could  transmit disease.
      • Smells and miasmata also was linked with God:
        • Churches burnt incense to purify air
        • A clean-smelling house meant a spiritual home.
        • Homes that smelt bad suggested sinfulness and ccorruption
      • Un-washed people and lepers was believed to carry miasma and you were supposed to avoid them or you would get ill.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »