What Sowed the Seed of Italian Unification?

  • Created by: hastr010
  • Created on: 21-04-18 21:14
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  • What sowed the seed for unification?
    • Foreign influence
      • Troppau Doctrine:signed by Russia, Prussia and Austria: the great powers were able to intervene to stop the restoration governments from being overthrown
      • All the revolutions failed due to intervention of foreign powers (Austria)
      • The  influence of Bourbon and Hapsburg families were reactionary and oppressive
    • French domination 1796-1815
      • Life under Napoleon Bonaparte was fairer and more modern than it had ever been before
        • those living in towns received substantial benefits - financial and business advantages
        • Code Napoleon
          • formulated in 1804
          • gave equal rights for all male citizens
        • External customs barriers simplified and internal trade barriers swept away
        • street lights
          • prevented crime
        • weights and measures standardised
        • Tax collection reorganised
        • better roads build and transport improved
        • Small pox vaccination
        • local gov. districts set up along French borders
        • liberty, equality, fraternit
      • Napoleon united Italy into 3 main parts
        • This Gave Italians a taste of what unification would be like
        • Kingdom of Italy - made up of Lombardy, Modena, Bologna, Romagna and Ferrara. Napoleon was king but it was ruled by his stepson
        • French Empire - annexed to France and treated as part of French empire; Piedmont, Central Duchies and Papal states
        • Kingdom of Naples - only included Naples and was ruled by Napoleon's brother Joseph
    • Restored Monarchies
      • divided Italy completely and reverted Italy back to its old ways
      • Revolutions
        • 1920-21
          • Naples - General Pepe Head of rebel army. inspired by Spanish Constitution of 1812 - Ferdinand agreed to demands for a constitution and then asks Metternich to help him crush constitution and rebel forces.
          • Sicily - wanted independence from Naples, felt neglected by the government. Peasants in debt, demanded a constitution, burned down buildings, also crushed by etternich.
          • Piedmont - King Victor Emmanuel pursued a reactionary policy and news spread about constitution being granted in Naples - members of Carbonari increased
            • Mutiny in Turin caused VE to abdicate - Charles Felix was next in line but he was away so Charles Albert took over and granted a Constitution. Charles Felix returned and denounced Charles Albert as a rebel and got rid of the constitution
      • Congress of Vienna - 1815. 'restore old ways and old leaders and resize the main powers so they could balance each other out and remain at peace'
      • Progressive rule
        • Tuscany - Ferdinand III, improved education, and health facilities whilst allowing freedom of expression.
        • Parma - Duchess - Marie-Louise: Replaced Code with something similar

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