British Depth Study 1939-1975

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  • What impact did the 2nd World War have on British people?
    • German Blitzkrieg
      • Constant bombing by the Germans on British towns and cities in May 1941. Aimed to demoralise the country but instead made the british more determined. It caused 40,000 civilians to be killed and more than 1 million homes to be destroyed in London alone
    • Rationing
      • Introduced to the British so they didn't starve due to restrictions on imports. Civilians were given an identity crd which was stamped every time they bought a grocery so they couldn't get more than they were allowed.
    • Evacuations
      • Large numbers of people were evacuated to safer areas of the country. Some even went abroad to the likes of Canada, the USA and Australia. It showed the people of the countryside how poor the general health of children from the cities was.
    • Women
      • Women contributed to the war effort. The Women's Land Army and Women's Voluntary Service played a crucial role in keeping Britain working. Some joined the armed forces and some served as secret agents in France. They worked in munitions factories, construction and manufacturing. They looked after children in the absence of fathers
    • Beverage Report
      • a report on the existing schemes of social security. Identified the following evils: WANT, DISEASE, IGNORANCE,SQUALOR.IDLENESS. And so in 1945 the government set out to resolve the problems by setting up a series of welfare reforms to aid people from 'cradle to grave'. The new reforms included the National Health Service 1946.
        • What was the NHS?
          • Provided medical treatment, dental treatment and optical treatment for free. Hospitals became controlled by the government. Began operation in July 1948. Anuerin Bevan was health minister the time and was responsible fir the Act which mostly came from the Beverage Report
        • Problems with the NHS
          • Its was too popular! 187 million prescriptions were written and 8 million pairs of glasses were sold. Spending on the NHS was much higher than expected. 2 million put aside for glasses meant to last 9 months only lasted 6 weeks. Charges had to be put into place on false teeth and glasses


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