What factors affect

  • Created by: MaddyM03
  • Created on: 17-10-19 14:58
View mindmap
  • What factors affect each stage?
    • The relationshp between sociology and social factors
      • 2 types of social phenomena
        • Social Problems
          • Aspects of social life that cause isery and anxiety to private individuals and society in general
          • Crime, child abuse, domestic violence, suicide
          • Sponsored by those in power eg: governments
          • EXAMPLE: surveys of Townsend and Breadline Britain survey of Mack and Lansley influenced Labour social policies on benefit systems and child poverty
        • Sociological Problems
          • Any aspect of social life, either normal or deviant
          • Functions to increase knowledge on how society works and say why social insitutions/ individuals/ social groups behave in set ways
          • May encourage social policy makers to change or make social policies
      • 3 Types of focus
        • Descrptive: To describe a certain situaton or set of facts
        • Explanitory: To explain a particular social phenomenon, may encourage change in social policy
        • Evaluative: To monitor and assess effect of social policy
          • EXAMPLE: Sociologists were asked to evaluate the Labour Pary's Surestart centres
    • Interests and Values of the Researcher
      • Sociologists may feel strongly attracted to some areas
        • Eg: Feminists, Marxists or Socialists
      • Poverty Researcher Peter Townsend wanted to get rid of poverty and his studies fof the elderly and poor were result of commitment
      • Does not mean sociologists are biased
      • Must conduct fair and balaned enquires and must not be biased in personal and political ways
        • Values may influence choice of topic chosen but methods used should be free from bias
    • Current debates and funding
      • May be influenced by what is fashionable in academic world
        • 1970's Womens position on society became a hot topic
        • 1980s Conservatives focused on crime, riots, prisions
        • 1990s Rise in postmodernism and identity politics and consumption
      • Funding
        • Values of those funding the research may affect direction/tone of research
        • Most universities and Social Research Council (ESRC) fund neutral social research
        • Charities and Think tanks may commision research in a particular field
          • Runnymede Trust - ethnic minorities
          • Sutton Trust - educational matters
    • Access to Research subjects
      • Group may not always be happy to be interviewed
      • Depends how much power that group has
        • Pupils, poor pople, state schools more likey to be interviewed
      • Closed insitiutions may be hard to access
        • prisons, mental hospitals, women;s refuges
      • Joining exclsuive or devient groups needs to be ethically and sensitivly thought out
      • Using a 'gate-keeper'
        • Very important
        • Can vouch for the researcher
        • Can negotiate on sociologists behalf


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Social stratification and inequality resources »