WELFARE

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  • WELFARE
    • 1918-1939
      • unemployment
        • unemployment insurance act 1920
          • aimed to increase number of insured workers
          • claims drained accumulation funds
          • march 1930: 3 million claims rejected
        • unemployment act of 1924
          • 26 weeks of benefits gradually withdrawn
            • force people into work
          • led to strikes
            • Jarrow Crusdae - Newcaste - London in 1934
      • housing
        • housing and town planning act 1919
          • aimed to empower local authorities to use central gov funds for housing
          • 213,000 out of 600,000 completed
            • Geddes Act 1922 axed it
        • housing act 1930
          • promoted house building
          • 4 million homes built
            • 1940, 1/3 of houses built since 1918
      • pensions
        • widow, orphan's and old age contributary pension act 1925
          • 10 shillings a week for pension (65-70)
            • initially unpopular (poor penalised)
          • funded by compulsory contribution not taxation
            • accepted due to growing age
          • self employed workers could join in 1937
    • Word War 2
      • beveridge report 1942: set up to tackle the 5 giants
      • everybody equal in war
        • rationing
        • blitz
        • great leveller
      • 1.5m children evacuated 1939 - pied piper
        • middle class shocked at malnourished and dirty chidren
      • conscription and nationalisation = full employment
    • 1945-1964
      • welfare state gov. help from the 'cradle to the grave'
      • national insurance act 1946
        • contributory system for pensions and benefits
        • 25p tax a week
        • pensions men 65+ and women 60+
          • £1.30 per week single and £2.10 for a couple
      • national assistance act 1948
        • NAB established to provide financial help for vulnerable
          • preferred to UAB as no means testing
        • 250,000 more claimed higher benefits after 1948
    • 1964-1979
      • conservatives opposed welfare
        • 1964: £800 million deficit 1/3 on welfare
          • caused inflation
      • 1960: 720,000 children in poverty - welfare didnt work
      • 1970: national insurance act
        • further 100,000 given pensions
          • 1974: 25% increase in pensions
      • 1975: universal child benefit act

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