Weimar Republic

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  • Weimar Republic
    • War Ends
      • Germans facing hardships
      • Turning against Kaiser Wilhelm II
        • Democracy wanted
        • People demand resignation
        • Newspapers publish resignation (incorrect)
        • Republic announced
          • Kaiser resigns
          • Abdicates to Holland
          • Ebert left in control
      • Armistice signed - 11/11/1918
      • Council of the People's Representatives
        • Temporary government
        • Consisted of SPD + USPD
        • Controlled until 1919
    • The Weimar
      • Germany is a democracy
      • Ebert = president
      • President
        • Chosen every 7 years
        • Chose Chancellor
        • DIssolve Reichstag
      • Scheidemann = Chancellor
      • Proportional Representation
        • proportion of seats = proportion of votes
      • Article 48
        • Ability to suspend constitution
    • Unpopularity
      • Treaty of Versailles
        • Blame
          • Article 231
          • Take total blame for war
        • Arms
          • 100,000 men
          • 6 warships
          • Banned from the Rhineland
        • Money
          • £6,600 million in reparations
        • Land
          • Lost its empire
          • Colonies became mandates
          • Mandates given to League of Nations
      • Caused resentment
        • 'stab in the back'
    • Unrest
      • Spartacists
        • Radial socalists
        • Rosa Luxemburg + Karl Liebknecht
        • 5th January 1919
        • Seized HQ of newspapers
        • Tried to organise a strike
        • Ebert got help from Freikorps = rebellion ended
      • Kapp Putsch
        • Extreme Nationalists
        • Dr Wolfgang Kapp
        • March 1920
        • Attempted to take power of Berlin
        • Workers opposed = general strike
        • Kapp forced to give up
      • Hyperinflation
        • 1923 - unable to pay reparations
        • France + Belgium invade Ruhr
        • Huge strike in Ruhr
        • Print more money = hyperinflation
        • Middle-class worse affected
    • Recovery
      • Stresemann = Chancellor Aug-Nov 1923
      • Novermber 1923 - Rentenmark
      • Kellogg-Briand Pact
        • 1928
        • Germany + 65 countries
        • No violence in disputes
      • League of Nations
        • Rejoined in 1926
        • International power
      • Dawes Plan
        • 1924
        • Withdrawal of the Ruhr
        • More realistic payment dates
        • USA lend $40 million
      • Young Plan
        • 1929
        • Reduce reparations to 1/4 of original
        • 59 years to repay
      • Locarno Pact
        • October 1925
        • France, Belgium, Germany to respect borders

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