Weimar Republic 1919 - 1933

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  • Created by: lou9119
  • Created on: 22-04-16 18:20
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  • Weimar Republic
    • How did Germany emerge from WWI?
      • The Kaiser abdicated due to Germany's losing in WWI.
        • This led to the creation of the Reichstag.
          • Set up in Weimar due to the dangerous rioting.
            • Many riots
              • Spartacist Uprising 1919
                • Communists (Rose Luxemburg and Karl Liberknicht) take over a newspaper, killed and taken down by Ebert.
              • Kapp Putsch 1920
                • Freikorps. Strike for a few days, Ebert takes them down.
              • Munich Putsch 1923
                • Hitler led riot in a beer hall, shot and sent to prison where he wrote Mein Kampf.
      • Many riots
        • Spartacist Uprising 1919
          • Communists (Rose Luxemburg and Karl Liberknicht) take over a newspaper, killed and taken down by Ebert.
        • Kapp Putsch 1920
          • Freikorps. Strike for a few days, Ebert takes them down.
        • Munich Putsch 1923
          • Hitler led riot in a beer hall, shot and sent to prison where he wrote Mein Kampf.
    • What was the Weimar Republic/ Constitution?
      • Strengths:
        • Democratic system
        • President every 7 years
        • Freedom of speech, religion and equal rights for women, free to travel etc.
      • Weaknesses:
        • Article 48 - Rules the President could create without the Reichstag's passing
        • Chancellor is chose by the President not the people
        • The Reichstag was decided every four years.
        • Proportional Re-presenstation
    • What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Weimar Republic?
      • TOV
        • Military are reduced to six ships, no air force, no tanks and only 100,000 soldiers.
          • 94 ships were supposed to be given to Britain but these were sunk.
        • War Guilt meant that Germany had to admit to their cause of WWI through ARTICLE 231
        • Territory was lost, 13% given to FRANCE, POLAND, LITHUANIA AND DENMARK
        • Reparations, 6.6 billion must be paid to FR, UK and USA.
          • Ruhr Crisis - 1923
            • Germany couldn't pay the money needed to be given to Germany so soldiers invaded the Ruhr to take raw material and factories, Germans burnt the factories.
          • Hyperinflation
    • How did Germany recover through the Weimar Republic?
      • Joins the League of Nations
      • Dawes Plan 1924
        • Money given in loans and the reparations are reduced.
      • Young Plan 1929
        • The time frame was prolonged.
      • Rentenmark able to create by the loan of 8 million in Gold given by America.
      • Kellog-Briand Pact 1926
        • A bigger army was allowed for defensive and domestic purposes.
      • Locarno Treaty 1925
        • No more land would be taken from Germany.

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