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  • Ways of Worshipping
    • Prayer
      • Rosary beads: recommended by Our Lady. Repetition of Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be, and Creed. Dates back to 13th century.
      • The Bible: may be read and meditated upon.
        • Lectio Divina: Benedictine tradition of deep meditation and prayer. Uses Bible and/or art.
      • Privately at home. May use prayer book, Bible, candles, incense, religious picture, rosary, crucifix and music.
      • In church
        • RC: Divine Office- usually done thrice daily by religious orders. Anybody can do this by reading at home from the book.
          • Mass, and other religious services. Sing hyms.
        • CofE: Eucharist service. Morning prayer. Also do Divine Office. Other religious services and sing hyms.
        • Baptists: have a Sunday service involving lots of singing, prayer, occasional eucharist. Very evangelical.
        • Pentecostal: exuberant worship, Bible reading, prayers, lots of singing and speaking in tongues.
      • Quaker meeting house: silent worship, waiting for inspiration from HS.
        • "For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them" Matthew 18:20
    • Music
      • Songs/hymns, chanting, music.
      • Happy, reflective, prayerful.
      • "He who sings prays twice" St Augustine
    • Art
      • Stained-glass windows, sculptures, wood carving, paintings, statues, mosaic, icons
      • Created for the glory of God
      • Orthodox churches contain many icons of the saints of Jesus, to act as a bridge between a person and a religious figure.
      • Can portray a Biblical story, enabling it to be understood by the illiterate and the deaf.
      • Very strict protestant churches do not condone the use of art in worship as it is considered a distraction and possible considered idology. "Do not make graven images" Exodus 20:4-6
      • Provokes emotion and thought. Colour, size, texture.
    • Food and fasting
      • Fasting traditionally seen as a way of bringing you closer to God and recieving his grace. Especially during Lent. Jesus 40 days in the desert.
        • Reminds people of those who have very little. Cafod introduced Family Fast Days to raise funds for developing countries.
      • Hot Cross buns traditional on Good Friday. Pancakes on Shrove Tuesday. Simnel cakes eaten on Easter Sunday- on the top twelve balls of marzipan to remind believers of the twelve disciples and Jesus.
      • On the Feast of Epiphany (three kings visit Jesus) in France they have a bean cake made from puff pastry and marzipan, with one hard bean inside, which represents the child Jesus.If you get a piece with the bean you are king for the day!


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