Psychology - Watson & Raynor mind map

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  • Watson & Raynor (1920)
    • Methodology
      • Controlled Observation on a baby - "Little Albert
      • Controlled Lab Conditions
      • DV = Albert's responses to stimuli
    • Procedure
      • Preliminary - 8 months Old
        • Showed a range of stimuli. E.g. a rabbit, burning newspaper
      • 11 Months Old
        • Presented the rat and hit the bar when ever Albert reached for it
      • 1 Week Later
        • Rat w/ no noise, rat w/ noise 3 times, rat w/ no noise, rat w/ noise 2 times
      • 5 Days Later
        • Gave Albert blocks to calm him, showed him different stimuli, e.g. santa claus mask
      • 5 Days Later
        • Changed the setting to a lecture hall to test emotional transfer
      • 1 Month Later
        • Showed Albert a rt, rabbit , dog etc.
    • Results/ Findings
      • Preliminary - 8 months Old
        • Showed no initial fear to any stimuli, apart from the noise of the steel bar
      • 11 months Old
        • Jumped and fell forward when he heard the noise. Would then begin to whimper
      • 1 Week Later
        • He began to cry even when he saw the rat with no noise and crawled away
      • 5 Days Later
        • He was calm & happy when he had the blocks. Cried at all the stimuli
      • 5 Days Later
        • Showed the same fear response even in a different setting
      • 1 Month Later
        • Showed the same fear response but was less intense
    • Conclusion
      • Freudian Position
        • W&R criticised the (at the time) popular psychodynamic explanation of phobias
      • Fear Response
        • Fear response learned quicker if the noise was louder/more intense
      • Emotional Transfer
        • Phobias can be transferred to similar stimuli - especially in children (weak willed)

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