Water on land Case Studies

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  • Water on the land
    • Bangladesh floods 2004
      • About Bangladesh: country in Asia. Borders by India Myanmar and the Indian ocean. Poverty is an issue. Literacy rate is around 48%.
      • Effects of the flood: 60% of the country submerged. 600 deaths. Crops flooded so no food was available. 20 million people needed aid. 13,541km of roads destroyed. people died from drowning, disease, snake bites, houses collapsing.
      • Causes: 80% of Bangladesh is a floodplain. 70% of Bangladesh is less than 1m below sea level. Monsoons in the Autumn. Tropical climate. Spring snow melting. Heavy rain.
      • Responses: $180 million was loaned for food. Food supplies, medicines, clothing and blankets were distributed. Long term- embankments were built however was not successful. Flood warning and flood shelters are more successful.
    • Cumbria floods 19th November 2009
      • Effects: Over 1300 homes were flooded. A number of people had to be evacuated- 200 people airlifted of the roofs of their houses. Many businesses were flooded causing long-term difficulties for the local economy. Four bridges collapsed and 12 were closed because of flood damage. 1 person died.
      • Causes: Melting snow. Heavy rain. Saturated ground. Steep mountain slopes. Confluence of the Derwent and Cocker
      • Responses: The government provided £1 million to help with the clean-up and repairs and agreed to pay for road and bridge repairs in Cumbria. Temporary shelters were built. Long term- new flood defence walls, embankments and flood gates were built.
    • Kielder Water (water stress)
      • What is it used for: release water into the river Tees, Tyne, Derwent and Wear. Clean water has encouraged salmon and sea trout to migrate upriver to breed. Provides up to 909 million litres of water a day. Hydroelectric power. Reliable water supply.
      • About Kielder: In Northumberland. The biggest man-made reservoir in Northern Europe. 12km long and 52m deep. Cost £167 million to build. 1.5 million trees were cut down to build it.


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