Was collectivisation a success?

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  • Was collectivisation a success
    • Socially
      • Wide spread opposition and outbreak of civil war in the country side
        • Peasants with fertile land were very hostile
      • Peasants burnt their land, crops and life stock to prevent themselves being labelled as Kulaks
      • Peasants who revolted had their villages burnt down and deported/executed. Killing Kulaks removed the most successful and skilled farmers
      • 10 Million peasants died as a result of resistance and deportation. peasants felt betrayed.
    • Political
      • Consolidated Stalin's leadership because it was the first time the government had complete control of the countryside. Something Lenin never achieved
      • Those who disagreed with collectivisation lost influence. Class differences were abolished In the country side.
    • Economic
      • There was little incentive for the peasantry to produce grain
      • The famine of 1932-1934 killed off the peasants and led to a drop to grain production.
      • But exports did increase
      • Agricultural production fell dramatically and recovery did not take place until the late 1930s
      • few tractors, poorly organised collective farms which led to slow and brutal process to reach Stalin's economic goal
    • Ideological
      • industrial workers were fed
      • 70% of peasants on collective farms by 1934, 75% by 1935, 90% by 1937 and 100% y 1941


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