Warfare and British Society c.1250 to the present PART 2

  • Created by: Maeva14
  • Created on: 01-04-18 12:31
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  • The V-2 Attacks
    • The V-2 was the world first ballistic missile, it was massive and propelled by a liquid-fuel engine.
    • The engine bured for about 60s which would lift the rocket about 52miles. Then the engine would shut off and the missile would fall to its target
    • The worst V2 attack happened on 25 November when the Woolworths department store in New Cross Road was suddenly blown apart.
    • The store was crowded with Saturday shoppers since the store had a supply of sauce pans. Next thing you know 168 people were dead or dying and many more were injured in this incident
    • Warfare and British Society PART 2
      • The Underground
        • Many Londoners lived in flats or terraced house therefore they had nowhere to build an air raid shelter. So many tried to get into the underground at that time even though it wasn't allowed. The gov wanted to use it to move men & supplies during air-raids.
        • Some tubes stations we hit. Balham underground station was hit by a bomb and it burst a water main which led to 64 people drowning, however this story wasn't released until after the war.
        • Other underground stations were hit including Piccadilly, Bounds Green & Acton. At Bank Station 50 people were killed when a bomb hit the ticket hall
      • Mickey's Shelter
  • Air Raid Precautions
    • Householders had to use black-out material and create a safe room where possible
    • There had to be a bucket of sand or a pump of water to put out incendiary bombs.
    • ARP wardens appointed ion every local area, they were resposible to ensure that the black-out was carried out.They were responsible for checking how many people were in each house at every night. This gave them the reputation of being 'nosey'
    • Warfare and British Society PART 2
      • The Underground
        • Many Londoners lived in flats or terraced house therefore they had nowhere to build an air raid shelter. So many tried to get into the underground at that time even though it wasn't allowed. The gov wanted to use it to move men & supplies during air-raids.
        • Some tubes stations we hit. Balham underground station was hit by a bomb and it burst a water main which led to 64 people drowning, however this story wasn't released until after the war.
        • Other underground stations were hit including Piccadilly, Bounds Green & Acton. At Bank Station 50 people were killed when a bomb hit the ticket hall
      • Mickey's Shelter
  • Deep shelters
    • But even though the government made this, none were actually ready until the end of 1942, which was pretty late since by then thousands of citizens had died. This was the result of the failure of the government to take action before the war
    • The gov began to make deep shelters after the attacks on tube stations. 8 deep shelters were made. They were 80ft to 150ft under the ground and they could hold at least 8,000 people
  • This shelter was in the massive volts beneath the Fruit and Wool exchange in Brushfield St. It was taken over early in the war as a shelter for 5,000 people. On the 1st night it opened twice as many people were crammed in

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