War With Japan

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 15-04-13 20:08
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  • War with Japan 1941-1945
    • Occupation of Manchuria 1931
      • Appealed to League of Nations
        • Lord Lytton report
          • The league condemened Japan and they left the league in 1933
      • Led to the united front after the Xian incident of 1936
    • The double seventh 1937
      • Class between chinease and japanese troops at the marco polo bridge
        • Japanese did it on purpose to create trouble and demanded Japan have even more authority over occupied regions
          • Chiang refused and took it as a last straw of foreign interference and declared war on Japan
    • The rape of Nanjing 1937
      • 30000 thousand slaughtered in a month
      • 20000 raped
      • Half the city burnt
    • The New Government of China 1940-1944
      • Wang Jingwei former leader of left of the GMD agreed to head the Japanese rival government in china.
        • Not as strong as GMD and CCP
      • Pear Harbour 1941
        • response to earlier  oil ban on Japan
        • Expected USA to make peace
          • America declared war on Japan
            • Saw China  as  means of defeating Japan
              • USA invested one billion dollars in China
                • Boost to Chiang Kai Shek
        • USA outraged
          • Expected USA to make peace
            • America declared war on Japan
              • Saw China  as  means of defeating Japan
                • USA invested one billion dollars in China
                  • Boost to Chiang Kai Shek
        • Japan had to overstretch itself to increase oil supplies and barely had any resourcs severly weakened
    • Chiang Kai Sheks military strategy 1941
      • GMD reluctant to face japanese head on despite USA money
      • fought guerilla war but couldnt protect against air attacks
      • General Joseph Stillwell
        • replaced by general wedemyer
      • Chiang didn't trust generals  and kep them short of equipment
        • embezzled food and money and kept dead troops on the book to collect there pay
        • malnutrition and disease widespread
    • Thye Ichigo Offensive 1944
      • /japan struck major base and Chiang gell without a fight
      • destroyed Chiangs status
      • Americans disillusioned with Chiang and created the dixie mission with the aim to contact the communists did in 1944
    • Sudden ending of the war 1945
      • /japan surrendered after bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
      • Japan surrendered to CCP instead of GMD due to location
      • Russia occupied Manchuria
      • CCP took over jap controlled zones
      • Chiang ordered Jap to surrender to GMD but wasnt enforced
      • Soviet-GMD treaty 1945 so CCP wouldnt get more support
      • Americans sent George Marshall to get parties working 1946 but where preparing for civil war

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