War Production During the Second World War

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  • War Production
    • Ship building
      • Henry Kaiser (who had already made a name for himself building the South Coulee Dam and other WPA programmes) put his mind to heavy-duty military transport ships
      • The Liberty Ships were extremely large at 440 ft and could pack in 3000 jeeps, 440 tanks, 3 and a half million servings of rations and 230 million rounds of ammunition
      • It took 355 days to make the first liberty ship
        • 6 months later in 1942, they could be made in 105 days
          • By 1943, they took a mere 41 days to make from scratch
            • In Henry Kaiser's shipyard, one could be produced in 17 days!
              • Kaiser's factory was remarkable with workers of all backgrounds
                • Novice workers were trained specifically to one job of the ship = DILUTION - made one complicated job spread out and broken down
                  • Henry Kaiser (who had already made a name for himself building the South Coulee Dam and other WPA programmes) put his mind to heavy-duty military transport ships
                  • Welding was done instead of riveting and they did not always produce good ships - one sank in the dock and more struggled in harsh weather
        • More than 2,700 liberty ships were launched during the war
    • Aircrafts
      • Henry Ford was responsible for the worlds largest aircraft factory and in addition to aircraft, Ford produced other military harware
      • Ford alone produced more military equipment than the whole of Italy!!
        • Henry Ford was responsible for the worlds largest aircraft factory and in addition to aircraft, Ford produced other military harware
      • In 1939, the USA produced only 2,000 aircrafts yet in 1942 they were producing 47,000
    • During the war practically no private housing was built
      • There was no private car manufacturing allowed, all was put into war effort: Ford for example built may aircrafts
    • There was no private car manufacturing allowed, all was put into war effort: Ford for example built may aircrafts
    • The USA produced 600,000 army trucks compared to 88,000 by Axis powers
      • And for every 16 Naval vessels USA built, Japan built 1
    • By the end of the war.. America had made
      • 5,777 merchant ships
      • 1,556 naval vessels
      • 299,993 aircrafts
      • 634,569 jeeps
      • 2,383,311 trucks
      • 6,500,000 rifles
      • 40 billion bullets
    • By 1944, America was producing 60% if all the allies armaments

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