War communism and Mutiny in Russia

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  • Created by: Annis
  • Created on: 17-02-14 12:06
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  • War Communism & Mutiny
    • War communism
      • A strict system to win the Russian civil war
        • Farms and factories put under state control
          • Private trade banned
          • Upset farm and factory workers
        • Food was taken from farms by the red army
          • Peasants who refused were shot or sent to labour camps
            • Peasants refused to grown extra food
              • This caused famine in 1921 and 7 million people died
          • This caused famine in 1921 and 7 million people died
        • The Cheka hunted down and executed enemies of the state
        • Industrial workers could be shot for striking and could not be absent from work.
          • Experts brought in to improve efficiency
        • All adults had to work except sick and pregnant women
        • Mutiny
          • War communism
            • A strict system to win the Russian civil war
              • Farms and factories put under state control
                • Private trade banned
                • Upset farm and factory workers
              • Food was taken from farms by the red army
                • Peasants who refused were shot or sent to labour camps
                  • Peasants refused to grown extra food
                • The Cheka hunted down and executed enemies of the state
                • Industrial workers could be shot for striking and could not be absent from work.
                  • Experts brought in to improve efficiency
                • All adults had to work except sick and pregnant women
                • Mutiny
                  • Kronstadt Naval base
                    • The Kronstadt sailors had supported the Bolsheviks in 1917, especially Trotsky
                      • But Lenin and Trotsky were worried the unrest may spread when ice around the naval base thawed and the sailors could leave
                    • Trotsky ordered the Red army to end the rebellion
                      • They attacked, loosing many men but re captured the base
                        • Rebels executed or imprisoned
                    • The sailors demanded
                      • Free speech and press
                      • Free elections for soviets
                      • The sale of peasant grain
                      • free trade unions
                  • February 1921
              • Lead to FAMINE and ECONOMIC DECLINE
            • Kronstadt Naval base
              • The Kronstadt sailors had supported the Bolsheviks in 1917, especially Trotsky
                • But Lenin and Trotsky were worried the unrest may spread when ice around the naval base thawed and the sailors could leave
              • Trotsky ordered the Red army to end the rebellion
                • They attacked, loosing many men but re captured the base
                  • Rebels executed or imprisoned
              • The sailors demanded
                • Free speech and press
                • Free elections for soviets
                • The sale of peasant grain
                • free trade unions
            • February 1921
        • Lead to FAMINE and ECONOMIC DECLINE
      • Results in: Lenin changing policy
        • Communism happening too fast
          • Trotsky recognised the crisis in 1920 and suggested a change of policy
        • Communists wanted to control public opinion now civil war was over
        • In 1921 Lenin introduced the New economic policy (NEP) to boost the economy

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