War and Peace

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  • War and Peace
    • Weapons of Mass Destruction
      • Nuclear: affects generations of innocent people. Eg Hiroshima 4 generations. Governments shouldn't possess weapons as can kill so many in one blow
        • Chemical: have horrible effects on body such as choking and burning. Mustard gas is absorbed into body and has long term affects. Napalm sticks to skin and burns deeper and deeper. Banned in 1925 but still used by America in Vietnam.
      • Arguments for: getting rid of them won't stop countries making them in secret and make countries more vunerable. Protects countries from attacks. It's a deterrent.
      • Biological: enters food and water supplies so can affect innocent. Uses deadly viruses to kill/ disable armies. Banned under Geneva convention
    • Terrorism: it is not justified in any religion and doesn't fit in with any religious teachings eg 9/11 wasn't justified because it killed 3000 of innocent civilians
    • Islamic teachings
      • War is only justifiable if you are oppressed or someone has started a war with you.
        • Once the enemy has laid down their weapons then all prisoners must be released
          • "Hate your enemy mildly as one day they may be your friend" "
        • Quakers and pacifists believe all WMD should be eliminated
    • The Red Cross
      • Over 4,000,000 people currently being treated by them
        • £400,00 of donations received yearly
          • Over 20 million worldwide volunteers
    • Conditions of a Holy War
      • 3) Lead by a holy way
    • Conditions of a Just War
      • 1. Good outweighs the occurring bad
        • 2. Good outweighs evil
          • 3. Reasonable chance of success
            • 4. Last resort
              • 5. Proportional Response
                • 6. Has to establish good
                  • 7. Declaration by authority
    • Peace: calm and no conflict, war is more common that peace, knock on affect after war
      • Justice: wars are often thought as to achieve justice and stand up for others
      • Reconciliation: asking for forgiveness and rebuilding relationships
  • 1) Has a religious goal
  • 1. Good outweighs the occurring bad
    • 2. Good outweighs evil
      • 3. Reasonable chance of success
        • 4. Last resort
          • 5. Proportional Response
            • 6. Has to establish good
              • 7. Declaration by authority
  • Religious teaching pacifist support: "do not kill", "blessed are the peacemakers""love thy neighbours"
    • Pacafism: people who are against violence especially crime. They might not disagree with all violence just unnessacary violence.
  • Just war: 'Jus  ad bellum'= reasons to go to war 'jus ad bello'= what is ok to do in war.
    • Proportional = level or response must be equal to level of attack
      • Utilitarian = someone who believes if something causes pleasure it is good and if it cause pain it is bad

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