- early attempts made at heart and brain surgery due to nature of some injuries soldiers received
- surgeons gained lots of experience from the large number of injuries in the war which put surgeons under great pressure.
- the use of prosthetic limbs was introduced when over 40'000 men lost limbs.
- harold gillies set up a plastic surgery unit at the start of the first world war - he developed a technique of pedicle tubes!
- surgeons found that the best way of dealing with infection caused by the war was to cut away the infected tissue and soak the wound in a saline solution (developments in Lister's work!).
- blood transfusions and blood preservations. also mobile x-ray units!
- 1917 - A blood depot was set up.