How War affected developments in Surgery

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  • war!
    • early attempts made at heart and brain surgery due to nature of some injuries soldiers received
    • surgeons gained lots of experience from the large number of injuries in the war which put surgeons under great pressure.
    • the use of prosthetic limbs was introduced when over 40'000 men lost limbs.
    • harold gillies set up a plastic surgery unit at the start of the first world war - he developed a technique of pedicle tubes!
    • surgeons found that the best way of dealing with infection caused by the war was to cut away the infected tissue and soak the wound in a saline solution (developments in Lister's work!).
    • blood transfusions and blood preservations. also mobile x-ray units!
    • 1917 - A blood depot was set up.

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