Vygotsky

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  • Vygotsky
    • Cultural influence
    • Different stages = different styles
    • The richer the culture, the more knowledge, the better the cognitive development
      • Ethnocentrism
        • Is it bias if it is true?
    • Children born with basic cognitive abilities
      • Nature vs Nurture
    • S1: Pre intellectual speech
      • 0-3 yrs
      • Language occurs due to conditioning
      • Sounds elicit responses
    • S2: Egocentric speech
      • 3-7 yrs
      • Self talk or monologue
      • Can't carry out inner speech
    • S3: Inner speech
      • 7+ yrs
      • Language is used to understand culture
      • No longer talk aloud
    • ZPD
    • MKO
    • Hubbard
      • Language influences the way we think
      • Kiki and bouba
        • 98% said kiki was spiky
          • Determinism
    • McNoughton
      • Jigsaws
      • Observed alone and with mother
      • Evidence for ZPD and MKO

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