Volcano/tsunami

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  • Created by: vezting
  • Created on: 30-12-15 11:06
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  • volcano/ tsunami
    • mount Pinatubo 1991
      • facts
        • located in pacific ring of fire
        • 1460m high
        • dormant for 600 years
        • 15/16 th June
        • 350 killed by earthquakes
        • 200,000 homeless
        • 6 deaths in first few days
      • the explosion
        • rock and ash scattered over 100km
        • caused ground tremors of 4.5 richter scale
        • on the island Luzon
        • combined with typhone
        • left 600,000 homeless
        • electricity cut off for three weeks
        • water become contaminated
        • mudslides cover 50,000ha of cropland
      • early warning system
        • 200,000 were evacuated
        • 14,500 US  service personel evacuatted from air base to naval base out of danger
    • Iceland
      • facts
        • January 1973
        • island of Heimaey
      • the explosion
        • nearly all 5300 residents of the island were evacuated
        • large lava flows threatened fishing port and town
        • for nearl 6 months sea water was sprayed to cool and divert the flows away from town
          • noted as first successful attempt to manage a large erruption
          • the flows added more land to island
        • 30km of pipes were used
          • 43 pumps
            • overall 6 million cubic metres of water had been pumped onto flow
    • indonesia
      • facts
        • 26/12/04
        • giant earthquake by sinking of eaurasian plate
          • earthquake reached 9.0 on richter scale
      • the events
        • main impact on sumatra where 70% of coastal inhabitants died
        • by march 2005
          • 111,000 had died in indonesia
          • 127,000 missing
          • 800,000 homeless
        • over 100 aid organisers were helping
        • indonesian reconstruction cost is £2.4 bil
        • thailand saw 6000 people were killed, 2400 from other countries
        • sri lanka saw 31,000 killed
        • salf water affected fresh water
        • africa was effected iin somalia

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