Virtue Ethics mindmap

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  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 23-11-17 22:44
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  • Virtue Ethics
    • Eudamonia is the goal
      • It means happiness or fulfilment
      • There are three aspects of happiness according to Aristotle: a life of enjoyment, a life of freedom and being a philosopher
    • Moral and intellectual virtues
      • Moral virtues are acquired through habit and developed through practice
        • Courage, temperance, liberality, generosity, pride, proper ambition, patience, truthfulness, wittiness, friendliness, modesty, righteous indignation
      • Intellectual virtues are developed through education
        • Intelligence, scientific knowledge, wisdom, artistic endeavour and prudence
      • The four key virtues of most importance are temperance, courage, justice and wisdom
        • Wisdom is the virtue that drives all other virtues
    • Aristotle's doctrine of the mean
      • Cultivating virtues is to balance the two extremes of excess and deficiency
      • Each virtue has an associated vice
    • Jesus' teachings on virtues
      • In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus promotes specific qualities
        • Poor in spirit, mourning, meek, a hunger for righteousness, mercy, purity of heart, peacemakers, the persecuted
    • Challenges
      • Does not fall within deonotological or teleological categories due to its focus on character
      • Not a practical guide to moral behaviour
      • Too complex and dependent on the good of others
      • Can be considered culturally biased
      • Can be contradictory and self-centred

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