Mao's China - Violence and Terror

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  • Violence and Terror
    • Anti-movements (CCP)
      • Against waste, corruption and inefficiency in 1951
      • Against Industrial sabotage, Tax evasion, bribery, fraud and Theft of Government property in 1952
      • They aimed to destroy the bureaucratic capitalist class indicating that Mao's initial truce with the middle class has passed and they were no longer to be tolerated
      • In reality the Anto-movements targeted those who were seen as politically or socially suspect, particularly those who had links to the GMD
    • By 1952 al othe parties had been banned and terror became the basic method of control
    • Informing on neigbours workmates or even parents by children, was organised by the CCP. Property was also siezed.
      • Watchers were based in every block/street and anyone who refused to become involved in communitry assosiation could be denounced as a class enemy.
    • Youth movements were taken over by party cadres and religion was attacked.
    • Mao was motivated by Ideology, aiming to destroy the middle class to create a genuine proletariate society. He saw violence as necessary and that power had to be taken by force
    • Purges
      • The CCP was purged of those who did not follow the party line, known as the 'rightists'
      • Purges were partly Ideologically motivated and partly because of Mao's increasing Paranoia.

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