Values and Ethics

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  • Created on: 17-05-18 18:29
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  • Values and Ethics
    • Value-free sociology
      • Karl Marx
        • Social science should be committed to changing the world for the better
      • O'Connell, Davidson and Layder
        • Personal biases and political opinions of researchers are irrelevant, provided that the research is well designed and there is no attempt to distort or alter the findings
    • Value-laden sociology
      • Historical context
        • Gouldner
          • The argument for value-free sociology is partially based in a particular historical context
          • Weber was writing at a time when the Prussian government was making a strong attack against intellectual freedom
        • Weber
          • Sociologists could and should ensure that they did not devise methods that would distort the results to suit their own preferences
          • Weber was writing at a time when the Prussian government was making a strong attack against intellectual freedom
      • Paying for research
        • Philo and Miller
          • All sciences are having their critical researchers silenced
      • Career trajectories
        • Gouldner
          • All sociologists have personal ambitions and career goals
      • Personal beliefs and interests
        • Gouldner
          • All researchers have to make basic assumptions about social life
      • The postmodern critique
        • Lyotard
          • The whole process of sociological and scientific thinking is itself based on a series of values about the nature of society
        • Baudrillard
          • The whole process of sociological and scientific thinking is itself based on a series of values about the nature of society
      • Foucault
        • What is considered knowledge reflects the ability of more powerful groups to impose their ideas on the rest of society
    • Committed Sociology
      • Liberal and radical perspectives
        • Becker (liberal)
          • Sociology had traditionally been on the side f the more powerful, and so had considered issues from the viewpoint of those in power
        • Gouldner (Radical)
          • Sociology needs to study the really powerful
            • Those who create the structures of oppression
      • Marxist perpectives
        • Althusser
          • The rle of sociology is to uncover the ways in which the ruling class control the mass of the population
      • Feminist Perspectives
        • Spender
          • Sociology aims to expose the workings of an oppressive society, exploring how males dominate and control society
        • Hammersley
          • Four elements to feminist research
            • The belief that the subordination of women runs through all aspects of social life
            • Women's feelings and personal experience should form the basis of all analysis
            • Hierarchical division between the researcher and researched should be broken down
            • The overall aim is female emancipation

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