Vagrancy and Heresy

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  • VAGRANCY & HERESY
    • HERESY
      • Worshipping a religion which is different to that chosen by the King/Queen e.g. Mary I
      • GUNPOWDER PLOT 1605
        • GUY FAWKES and others tried to blow up the houses of Parliament using gunpowder
        • PLOT FAILED
        • Plotters were: Hung, drawn and quartered, hung around towns as a deterrent to others
          • Had committed Heresy and High Treason - punished harshly to act as a deterrent
      • Increased by: Political change & Religious ideas
      • RELIGION
        • Elizabeth I - Church of England should be a moderate church
        • PURITANS
          • Wanted everyone to live by the Bible strictly
            • Banned Christmas in 1647
            • Believed in hard work
    • VAGRANCY
      • Being homeless, unemployed and wondering around the country
      • Increased by: Population growth, Increased poverty, Taxation, Religious ideas and Increased travel
      • PROBLEMS
        • Idleness was wrong
        • Vagrants were blamed for many crimes
        • Costly - the Poor Rate was received by vagrants to feed them which cost more money in taxes for others
      • PUNISHMENTS
        • 1531 - whipped until 'bloody' and then returned to their birthplace
        • 1547 - 1st offence = 2yrs slavery, 2nd offence = slavery for life or execution
        • 1550 - the 1547 Act seen as too severs, 1531 Act revived
        • 1572 - 1st offence = whipping & burning off an ear, 2nd offence = execution
        • 1576 - House of Correction
        • 1593 - 1572 Act too severe, 1531 Act revived
        • 1598 - vagrants whipped and sent home, if didn't change their ways, JP's could banish them or execute them

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