utilitarianism mind map

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  • Created by: Katy
  • Created on: 12-04-14 12:31
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  • utilitarianism
    • firstly was founded by bentham (principle of utility) and then later developed by mill and other philosophers
    • as a whole tries to decide whether an action is good or bad by its benefits for the majority of people
    • it is a teleological approach which looks at the consequence s
    • it is the consequences of an action that decides whether it is a good or bad
    • benthams utilitarianism
      • principle of utility greatest good for the greatest amount of people
      • morality wasnt based on god but based on the authority of nature. specifically on the belief that moral good equals pleasure and the absence of pain
      • happiness = pleasure -pain
      • the hedonic calculus was a way of measuring pleasure and the consequences of an action
      • hedonic calculus; purity (no pain after) remoteness (how near/far it is) intensity(how certain the pleasure is) extent (how many it affects) duration(how long it lasts and finally fecindity (will it provide more pleasure
      • mills utilitarianism
        • ignores the hedonic calculus
        • made higher and lower pleasures
        • made minorities more apparent
        • stressed happiness more than pleasure
        • qualitative approach
        • better to be socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied
        • higher pleasures=mind lower pleasure=body
        • what was good for one was good for all
        • higher pleasures lead to progress


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