Utilitarianism

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  • Utilitarianism
    • Consequentialist
    • "Greatest good for the greatest number"
    • Teleological
      • End justifies the means
    • Bentham
      • Opened UCL through his beliefs
      • Worked in social reform prisons and hospitals
      • Was a Hedonist
        • Hedonic calculus
          • Happiness = pleasure - pain
          • How deep/long/ certain/near/ secure
          • Quantitative
          • Can pleasure be calculated? Are all pleasures equal?
      • Act Ultilitarianism
        • Relative
    • John Stuart Mill
      • Quality is more important than quantity
      • Rule Utilitarianism
        • Absolute
      • "Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied"
    • Higher plesaures: mind
    • Lower pleasures: body
    • Hare, Singer, Brandt
      • Preference Utilitarianism
        • Judges right/wrong based on what's best for the individual involved
      • Singer: there should be an impartial spectator to moderate decisions
  • Bentham
    • Opened UCL through his beliefs
    • Worked in social reform prisons and hospitals
    • Was a Hedonist
      • Hedonic calculus
        • Happiness = pleasure - pain
        • How deep/long/ certain/near/ secure
        • Quantitative
        • Can pleasure be calculated? Are all pleasures equal?
    • Act Ultilitarianism
      • Relative

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