utilitarianism (unfinished)

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  • Utilitarianism
    • What is it?
      • The greatest good for the greatest number.
      • Teleological theory, considers the consequences of an action.
    • Jeremy Bentham
      • First thinker of utilitarianism, wanted to develop an ethical theory that considered the benefits for the largest party of people.
      • Considers the pleasure that an action causes, or what the Greeks called Eudaimonia.
      • The most moral acts are those that maximise pleasure and minimise pain.
      • Found a way of measuring the relationship of pleasure and pain - the Hedonic Calculus.
        • Has 7 elements: intensity; duration; certainty; remoteness; chance of succession of pleasures; how secure; extent of pleasure (how universal).
    • John Stuart Mill


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