Utilitarianism mindmap

  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 05-01-18 09:54
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  • Utilitarianism
    • Bentham's theory of utility
      • 'The greatest happiness for the greatest number' (greatest happiness principle)
      • Pursue pleasure and avoid pain
      • A person should do the thing that produces the most useful end
      • Actions that produce the most happiness are good/right actions
      • Happiness is the supreme ethical value, or 'sovereign good'
    • The Hedonic Calculus - seven elements should be taken into account when calculating happiness
      • Intensity (the stronger, the better)
      • Duration (the longer, the better)
      • Certainty (the more certain, the better)
      • Extent (the more people who experience it, the better)
      • Propinquity (the nearer, the better)
      • Richness or fecundity (the more chance the pleasure will be repeated or result in other pleasures, the better
      • Purity (the less pain involved, the better)
    • Act Utilitariansim
      • Treats each moral situation as unique and applies the hedonic calculus to each act to see if it fulfills the principle of utility
    • John Stuart Mill
      • Rule Utilitarianism
        • Strong RU: an action ia only right if it follows the rules
        • Weak RU: in extreme cases the rule created using the principle of utility needs to be broken in order to achieve the greatest happiness
      • Not all pleasure is the same - there are higher and lower pleasures
        • Higher pleasures stimulate the mind
        • Pleasure that is merely physical is a lower pleasure

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