Utilitarianism

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  • Created by: Sannah247
  • Created on: 01-03-16 09:03
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  • Utilitarianism
    • Jeremy Bentham
      • 2) We can calculate any action that produces the most happiness
        • 4) Quantity is most important of pain or happiness
      • 1) Good or bad actions can be worked out to predicted results
      • 3) Aim is to measure moral rules by the consequences
    • J.S.Mill
      • 1) Lower pleasures can be justified
      • 2) Used to educate people for higher pleasure
    • J.S.Mill
      • 2) Higher pleasures have a higher moral worth
        • 4) About following rules and and considering the consequences
      • 1) Based on what is good
      • 3) Based on certain rules that promote happiness
    • Harm principle
      • 2) All pleasures are not equal
      • 1) It was always majority vs minority
      • 3)Pleasures of the mind are superior physical pleas
    • Hedonic Calculus (HC)
      • 2) Duration
        • 5) Fecundity
          • 7) Extent of pleasure
        • 4) Propinquity
        • 6) Purity
      • 1) Intensity
      • 3) Certainty
    • Criticisms of HC
      • 1) Quantity vs quality
      • 2) Always dependent on the consequences
      • 3) Difficult to count what is happiness or pain
    • Criticisms of Mill
      • 1) Hard to decide between higher and lower pleasures
      • 2) Not possible to rely on one moral principle
    • R.M.Hare
      • Preference UT
        • 1) When making a right decision we should include the individuals opinion and feelings
    • Karl Popper
      • Negative UT
        • 1) The right thing to do is to promote the least amount of suffering

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