Energy security, USA Energy Crisis, A2 Edexcel

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  • Created by: Calum
  • Created on: 03-06-13 15:09
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  • USA Energy Crisis
    • Consumption and reliance on imports
    • A global problem
      • Reserves of fossil fuels are starting to run out. Oil and gas reserves will be gone in 40-65 years.
      • Global sources of energy are unevenly distributed
      • Demands for energy are on the increase
    • California energy crisis
      • Reasons for the blackouts
        • The main energy comes from hydroelectricity in California
          • 2000 was the first drought year, they had less surplus electricity to export
          • the summer of 2000 was unusually hot, which mean't there was more air conditioning than normal
          • In 1970's strick pollution laws were put into place, which meant power stations were expensive to build
      • California has 16% of the USA oil reserves but only 3% of its gas reserves
      • In 2003, Arnold Schwarzenegger said that by 2010 20% of its electricity must come from renewable sources.
        • Introducing laws  to reduce carbon emissions
  • The USA consumed 28.3% of the worlds oil supply in 2007
    • Consumption and reliance on imports
  • The  terrorist attacks on the USA meant that its terms with the middle east became unstable
    • the price of oil has risen steadily from $20 to $60 over 10 years. by mid 2008 it raised to $140
      • The use consumed 21.3% of the worlds primary energy in 2007
        • from 1960 to 2003 oil and gas reliance increased from 18% to 58%
          • USA used the most energy in the world, followed by China
            • the winter of 2000 was unusually cold, which increased the need for heating
              • The main energy comes from hydroelectricity in California
                • 2000 was the first drought year, they had less surplus electricity to export
                • the summer of 2000 was unusually hot, which mean't there was more air conditioning than normal
                • In 1970's strick pollution laws were put into place, which meant power stations were expensive to build
            • limited interstate power lines, so electricity couldn't be imported
              • Arnold proposed the low carbon standard for transportation fuels.
                • California energy crisis
                  • Reasons for the blackouts
                    • California has 16% of the USA oil reserves but only 3% of its gas reserves
                    • In 2003, Arnold Schwarzenegger said that by 2010 20% of its electricity must come from renewable sources.
                      • Introducing laws  to reduce carbon emissions

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