USA

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  • USA
    • Physical Geography
      • Size
        • 2nd largest country after Russia and Canada
        • 2 separate states > Alaska, Hawaii
      • Landscape
        • eastern half > low/flat apart from Appalachian mountains > rolling hills
        • Central plains > flat or gently rolling hills
        • Great Plains > higher > good for farming as have fertile lands > cattle crops like wheat and barley
        • Sierra Nevada > west coast
        • Rocky Mountains > west
        • Highest peak > Mt McKinley > 6194m > Alaska
      • Rivers
        • 250,000 rivers
        • Mississippi and Missouri form 7000km together > 4th in world
        • Rio Grande > 3000km> part of border with mexico
      • Climate
        • Alaska > coldest > North
        • Inland > summer > high temps > winter > low temps
        • Desserts in south west > Sonoran > Chihuahaun
        • California > Mediterranean
        • Hawaii > tropical
    • Migration from Mexico
      • The border between mexico and USA is 3140km
      • Mexicans used to be allowed as provided cheap labour for agriculture and industries until 1976.
      • over last 25 years authorities have tightened up security.
      • In 2000 1.53 million Mexicans were detained and brought back to mexico
      • There are 12 million illegal immigrants in the USA
      • 2006 there was a heightened by 50%   in security, a fence was built 1/3 of the way across the border.
      • 1999>2000 2,249 deaths on the way to america
      • have to cross large desert > guides called coyotes paid to take them > abandon people who can't continue
      • Push factors
        • Life expectancy: M > 75 > USA > 80
        • GDP per capita US$ 8,900 > US $50,000
        • Minimun wage $1 > US $7.25
        • 1800 : 1 doc >  US 390 : 1
      • Pull factors
        • AMERICAN DREAM
          • Freedom, education, peace, safety , comfortable home , money
            • true for many

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