Civil Rights :)

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  • Sit-ins
    • Many got beaten up but they didn't fight back because it was a peaceful protest method
    • Sitting at a white-only restaurant and not leaving till getting served
    • Many got arrested in the process
    • Police officers didn't prevent them from being beaten up
    • USA 1954
      • Little Rock High School
        • 1957
        • brought international attention to the civil rights cause.
        • Eisenhower had shown that he had little faith in measures to support the African American community
        • Nine African American students were accepted into the school
        • the nine African American students
        • The nine students were smuggled out of the school for their own safety and sent home.
      • Brown vs Topeka
        • 17th May 1954
        • A girl having to walk a dangerous route when there was a non-segregated school every close
        • The case was taking to court with the help of the NAACP
        • On 19th May 1954, the court declared that segregation was against the law and the constitution of the USA.
        • NAACP= National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People
      • Plessey vs Ferguson 1896
        • Landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issuing constitutionalit-y of racial segregation laws
        • Public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were meant to be equal in quality
        • a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
        • This law allowed state sponsored segregation
      • Voting rights
        • Literacy test was used to prevent black americans from voting
        • The white supremacy governments took away the opportunity to vote
      • Segregation
        • The black americans were seen as inferior to white americans
        • Black Americans were separated from white Americans
        • Prevented from using the same public facilities and schools
      • James Meredith case
        • He got turned down because of his skin colour
        • He applied for the White-only University of Mississippi
        • The NAACP  took on his case and got him a place
        • This led to public facilities were desegregated
      • Freedom Riders
        • The police didn't prevent any violence committed against them
        • Fire bombs were thrown on the buses
        • This challenged the bus company
        • Men sat in the seats that were segregated and interstates where there was desegregation
        • They were beaten up by white mobs
      • Malcolm X
        • Believed that you couldn't get anywhere with peaceful protests
        • In his opinion violence was the answer to getting equal rights
        • Opposite to Martin Luther King
  • Martin Luther Kings Leadership
    • Travelled around America giving speeches about peaceful protests
    • He had the idea of not rioting because it exemplifies the fact that Black Americans were seen as violent
    • His methods were; sit-ins, Bus Boycotts and marches
    • USA 1954
      • Little Rock High School
        • 1957
        • brought international attention to the civil rights cause.
        • Eisenhower had shown that he had little faith in measures to support the African American community
        • Nine African American students were accepted into the school
        • the nine African American students
        • The nine students were smuggled out of the school for their own safety and sent home.
      • Brown vs Topeka
        • 17th May 1954
        • A girl having to walk a dangerous route when there was a non-segregated school every close
        • The case was taking to court with the help of the NAACP
        • On 19th May 1954, the court declared that segregation was against the law and the constitution of the USA.
        • NAACP= National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People
      • Plessey vs Ferguson 1896
        • Landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issuing constitutionalit-y of racial segregation laws
        • Public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were meant to be equal in quality
        • a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
        • This law allowed state sponsored segregation
      • Voting rights
        • Literacy test was used to prevent black americans from voting
        • The white supremacy governments took away the opportunity to vote
      • Segregation
        • The black americans were seen as inferior to white americans
        • Black Americans were separated from white Americans
        • Prevented from using the same public facilities and schools
      • James Meredith case
        • He got turned down because of his skin colour
        • He applied for the White-only University of Mississippi
        • The NAACP  took on his case and got him a place
        • This led to public facilities were desegregated
      • Freedom Riders
        • The police didn't prevent any violence committed against them
        • Fire bombs were thrown on the buses
        • This challenged the bus company
        • Men sat in the seats that were segregated and interstates where there was desegregation
        • They were beaten up by white mobs
      • Malcolm X
        • Believed that you couldn't get anywhere with peaceful protests
        • In his opinion violence was the answer to getting equal rights
        • Opposite to Martin Luther King
  • The Black Panthers
    • Didn't think that the non-violent protests were making enough noticeable progress
    • They were violent in a public stance
    • They were willing to use violence to get what they wanted.

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