- Us action in Vietnam from 1970, and protests
- Burning draft papers
- august 1968- 10,000 people went to the deomcratic party convention in chicago to protest.
- nov 1968- 35,000 people protested outside white house
- 1967- VIetnam vetrerans against the war formed.
- 1971- over 300,000 took part in the verterans march.
- Mohammad Ali stripped of hsi title because he refused to join army.
- " Make love not war" was a slogan of the young university students, particularly hippies.
- Kent State University
- 2nd may 1970- over 1,000 students demonstrated on campus causing damage to a building. $th may- more deomstrations and more students. The governor of OHio clled the national guard, who began throwing tear gas cannisters. The students began throwing rocks at the guards, before the guards started firing at them. Foru students shot dead, nine wounded. four victims not part of protest.
- shocked the usa- went agianst one of the key americian rights- the right to protest. The images and broadcasts of the shootings led to more demonstrations in the usa and across the world. Made the givernment fell 100% that victory in Vietnam would not happen with such opposition.
- Woodstock festival- protest songs
- Many students went on strike or barricaded transport routes. Some even clashed with the national guard.
- Fulbright hearings
- William Fukkbright was chair of the senate foreign affairs committee. 1971- the committee considered proposals and advice to end the war in vietnam. 22 people gave advice- some senators, others politicians and some from groups the both opposed and supported the war e.g. the msot damning stements came from John Kerry who represented vietnam veterans against the war.
- John Kerry revealed the details of the winter soldier ivestigation- revealeing information about war crimes committed without officer's permission in vietnam. The difference with this protest to all the others was that it was offical.
- 500,000 troops by 1969
- The uS military had seen the tet offensive as a victory- the vietcong nd nva took years to recover.
- Peace talk began in paris in 1968- these lasted on and off for 5 years.
- Nixon continued bombings despite the peace talks- in 1970 he ordered an invasion of Cambodia with the objective of destroying th eho chi minh trail. Bombing raids continued to keep pressure on north vietnam- by 1970- only 150,000 us troops left in Vietnam
- in 1972, the nva tried to invade the south- they were armed with tanks and artillery from russia. In may that year, nixon ordered a massiv air attack on the north by b-52 bombers- operation linebacker. Great destruction was caused to roads and ship ports- strategic targets.
- The christmas bombings- 1972, massive bombing campaign lasting 11 days and dropping over 200,000 bombs hite north cities, including hanoi.
- Both sides reahced a peace agreement in 1973 january- not signed by south vietnam.
- Fall of Saignon- north vietnam continued the offensive in 1975- it attacked through laos and cambodia- major cities fell- refugees from north began ot flee south to saignon- this convoy of tears further demoralised the south. Saignon fell by april 1975, they were inc ontrol of the capital. Many tried to leave- by road, moving further south, by air or by ship.
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