us society, 1919-29

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  • us society, 1919-29
    • CONSUMERISM (growing demand for everyday, often household goods).
      • consumerism grew because of the following factors:
        • by 1927, two-thirds of US homes had electricity. This stimulated the demand for electrical goods in the home. The growth of female employment meant they had less time to do household chores and the washing machine would aid time saving.
        • hire purchase schemes made it easier to buy goods on credit
        • more Americans brought radios because entertainment was becoming more popular and accessable
          • ENTERTAINMENT
            • Millions of Americans would visit the cinema each week. Hollywood was the centre of a multi-million dollar industry
            • the 'Jazz age'
              • Jazz became popular in the 20s due to African influences; slaves used to make percussion which developed into 'blues', 'rag' or 'jazz'
              • Loius Armstrong was an influential black, Jazz musician in the 20s
        • for workers in the industry, their wages increased; by 1923 and 1929 the wages rose by 8%. This meant they had more money to spend on consumer goods.
    • ENTERTAINMENT
      • Millions of Americans would visit the cinema each week. Hollywood was the centre of a multi-million dollar industry
      • the 'Jazz age'
        • Jazz became popular in the 20s due to African influences; slaves used to make percussion which developed into 'blues', 'rag' or 'jazz'
        • Loius Armstrong was an influential black, Jazz musician in the 20s
    • WOMEN
      • August 18, 1920- women were given the vote
      • at this time, they gained greater freedom by working and earning their own money.
      • Flappers were women that had been liberated. They had short hair, short skirts and smoke ans drank in public. They would also dance the Charleston with men in public, listen to Jazz and drove.
        • however, although 8 million women were now working, they still had the responsibility of the housework. This is called dual burden.
      • PROHIBITION AND GANGSTERS
        • Prohibition was a nationwide constitutional ban on the sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933. It derived from temperance groups that pressured the government to pass the 18th amendment to the US constitution
          • It was a failure- it didn't stop alcohol, it just made people commit crime. Bootleggers made alot of money smuggling alcohol into the US or through illegal brewing. Speakeasies (illegal bars), were easy to find.
        • gangs used to run bootlegging, gambling, drugs and prostitution like a business. Al Capone was the most notorious gang leader who controlled Chicago by bribing the mayor and other politicians. Al Capone was almost certainly responsible for the st Valentine's day massacre in 1929; 6 members of rival gangs were killed.
          • It was a failure- it didn't stop alcohol, it just made people commit crime. Bootleggers made alot of money smuggling alcohol into the US or through illegal brewing. Speakeasies (illegal bars), were easy to find.
      • RACISM AND INTOLERANCE
        • The 'red scare' was the fear of communist, socialist or archaist idea developing in America. The American Socialist Party and the American Communist Party were established during this period. Some believed that a communist revolution was going to happen in America, and the immigrants in America were under suspicion of being, perhaps, involved in plotting a revolution.
          • Sacco and Vanzetti were wrongly accused of murder. In August 1927 they were both executed. The trial was unjust because the judge was intolerant to immigrants and anarchists, which is what Sacco and Vanzetti were.
        • The 'Monkey Trial' - 1925. 6 Southern states banned the teachings of Darwin's theory of evolution. These states would be described as having 'Bible Belt' or 'Fundamentalist' views.
          • John Scopes, a biology teacher, taught the banned theory with the aim of going on trial. The trail was damaging for the fundamentalist's public image because, the media mocked their traditional views.
        • The 'Jim Crow laws' were introduced in 1865 with the aim of segregating black and white Americans. There were separate schools, hospitals, libraries etc for African Americans. These laws made black people inferior and even though they were free from slavery, they had little freedom and were oppressed.
          • The Klu Klux Klan was originally formed see black people remaining slaves. The group was made up of poor, white members (5 million by the mid 1920s). 3446 black people were killed by lynching in 86 years. It was difficult for the government to change these people views because, they didn't want to loose southern votes.
            • RACISM AND INTOLERANCE
              • The 'red scare' was the fear of communist, socialist or archaist idea developing in America. The American Socialist Party and the American Communist Party were established during this period. Some believed that a communist revolution was going to happen in America, and the immigrants in America were under suspicion of being, perhaps, involved in plotting a revolution.
                • Sacco and Vanzetti were wrongly accused of murder. In August 1927 they were both executed. The trial was unjust because the judge was intolerant to immigrants and anarchists, which is what Sacco and Vanzetti were.
              • The 'Monkey Trial' - 1925. 6 Southern states banned the teachings of Darwin's theory of evolution. These states would be described as having 'Bible Belt' or 'Fundamentalist' views.
                • John Scopes, a biology teacher, taught the banned theory with the aim of going on trial. The trail was damaging for the fundamentalist's public image because, the media mocked their traditional views.
              • The 'Jim Crow laws' were introduced in 1865 with the aim of segregating black and white Americans. There were separate schools, hospitals, libraries etc for African Americans. These laws made black people inferior and even though they were free from slavery, they had little freedom and were oppressed.
                • The Klu Klux Klan was originally formed see black people remaining slaves. The group was made up of poor, white members (5 million by the mid 1920s). 3446 black people were killed by lynching in 86 years. It was difficult for the government to change these people views because, they didn't want to loose southern votes.

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