Urbanisation in Sao Paulo

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  • Urbanisation in Sao Paulo
    • General Statistics
      • Rate of Population increase slowing
        • Rate of rural-urban migration and natural increase has slowed
      • Population in central areas decreasing and peripheral areas increasing 'Suburbanisation'
      • Originally a centre of agriculture, now inustrial centre
    • The Environment
      • 25% of all brazils cars circulate in city
      • Recently, efforts have been focused in improving air quality.
        • Levels of Sulfur dioxide have fallen
        • However, levels of other pollutants have increased
      • Refuse collection costs over $1 million a day
        • City only had 2 landfills in 2001
          • 2 New incinerators build to deal with demand
    • Variations in Quality of Life
      • Highest unemployment rate in Brazil and inequality between rich and poor
        • Richest area (Moema) HDI = Portugal Average
        • Poorest area (Marsilac) HDI lower than Sierra Leone
      • In 1999 there were 11,500 homicides
        • The rich use helicopters to avoid the street
      • 3 Quality of homes
        • Condominiums
          • Apartments in centre or big homes in suburbs
        • Corticos
          • Inner city homes, similar to tenements
        • Favelas
          • Shanty towns
          • Largest is home to 100,000 people
    • Housing Improvement schemes
      • In 1990's, city provided funds to build their own or improve homes.
      • City funded serviced plots
        • Low uptake, only 8,000 per year
      • Since 2000 investment in site and service schemes
        • Provision of banking facilities, community health workers and literacy scheme
  • General Statistics
    • Rate of Population increase slowing
      • Rate of rural-urban migration and natural increase has slowed
    • Population in central areas decreasing and peripheral areas increasing 'Suburbanisation'
    • Originally a centre of agriculture, now inustrial centre
  • Largest City in Southern Hemisphere - 19 Million people
    • Population Density 2X that of Paris
      • Favelas
        • Shanty towns
        • Largest is home to 100,000 people

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