Urbanisation

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  • Urbanisation
    • Caused by rural-urban migration
      • Young people looking for work
        • Then may have children then population further increase
      • Occurring in developing countries
    • PUSH factors
      • Mechanisation of agriculture.
      • Climate change causes desertification, which creates unproductive land.
      • Natural disasters - ruin homes and land.
      • Caused by rural-urban migration
        • Young people looking for work
          • Then may have children then population further increase
        • Occurring in developing countries
    • PULL factors
      • Better paid jobs
      • More jobs available
      • Better access to health and education services
      • Better QOL in cities
    • Impact on urban areas
      • Increase of demand for resources and services
        • LEDC's cannot afford to meet this demand
          • Not enough houses for migrants
            • Migrants build their own houses out of cheap material = slums and shanty towns
      • Migrants cannot find formal work so work in the informal sector.
        • Don't pay well, unskilled and dangerous
      • Increase in population can result in demand for road and railways.
        • Increases congestion and air pollution

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