Urban issues and challenges

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  • Created by: lachlan23
  • Created on: 29-06-18 12:27
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  • Urban issues and challenges
    • Global patterns of urbanization
      • In 1950 only 34% of the population lived in an urban area. By 2014 this figure had risen to 54%(3.9 billion people)
      • Poorer LICs are still predominantly rural, with Africa 40% urban and Asia 48% rural.
        • However, it is theseregions that are experiencing the fastest rates of urbanisation, with Africa expected to reach 56 per centand Asia 64% by 2050.
    • factors affecting urbanisation
      • Natural Increase
        • Many people living in towns and cities, particularly new migrants, are aged 18-35. This leads to a high birthrate and a high rate of natural increase.
          • lAs more young people move into urban areas, this trend is likely toincrease as the population structure becomes ever more youthful.
      • Poor harvests, resulting in shortages of food
      • Better public transport facilities and access toservices such as water and electricity.
      • Limited opportunities for well-paid employment.
      • Better schools and health care provision
    • Lagos
      • With a population of at least 15 million people, Lagos is the most populouscity in Nigeria.
      • In 1991, the Nigerian government establishedAbuja as the new capital city to encourage development in the interior ofthe country.
      • The growth and development of Lagos as a modern city in Nigeria has created a number of socialopportunities and economic opportunities to improve people’s quality of life.
        • Education - state schools are operated by the Lagos State Government, which offers all children a basiceducation focusing on the first nine years.
        • Water supply- Lagos offers a reasonably reliable water supply. Most people dig wells or boreholes toaccess water underground. Others buy water from street vendors.
  • Health care - throughout Nigeria, health care is generally underfunded, understaffed and under equipped. In Lagos, health care is better than in the countryside.
    • Lagos
      • With a population of at least 15 million people, Lagos is the most populouscity in Nigeria.
      • In 1991, the Nigerian government establishedAbuja as the new capital city to encourage development in the interior ofthe country.
      • The growth and development of Lagos as a modern city in Nigeria has created a number of socialopportunities and economic opportunities to improve people’s quality of life.
        • Education - state schools are operated by the Lagos State Government, which offers all children a basiceducation focusing on the first nine years.
        • Water supply- Lagos offers a reasonably reliable water supply. Most people dig wells or boreholes toaccess water underground. Others buy water from street vendors.

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