Urban Environment: Mindmap- Bristol, Rio and urbanisation

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  • Urban Environment
    • Urbanisation
      • LIC's have an urban population of less than 20%
      • HIC's have an urban population of more than60%
      • Urbanisation= The proportion of people living in towns and cities
      • Natural Increase: Birth rate is higher than the death rate
      • Rural Urban Migration: When people leave the countryside to go to cities
        • Caused by Push and Pull factors
          • Push- What makes them leave
          • Pull- What attracts thme to the city
      • Megacities
        • Has a population over 10 million
    • Rio (NEE Study Case)
      • Social
        • Education
          • Challenge: 1/2 of the population finish school
            • Solution: Grants and programmes to improve education
            • Solution: Rochina has a university
        • Health care
          • Challenge: There is a difference of 20 in life expectancy
            • Solution: There are more medical facilities
            • Solution: More nurses in the Favelas
        • Water Supply
          • Challenge: 12% have no running water
          • Challenge: Droughts occur which makes water expensive
            • Solution: New pipelines and water treatment for plants
              • Challenge: 12% have no running water
      • Economic
        • Crime
          • Solution: UPP (Police) are pacifying the area
        • Unemployme-nt
          • Challenge: More than 20% have an informal economy
            • Solution: School for tomorrow
              • Solution: Training programme for the unemployed
      • Environment-al
        • Challenge: Air pollution caused by traffic congestion
          • Solution: A metro one way system and tolls
        • Challenge: Waste pollution
          • Solution: Powerplant built that recycles waste
      • Squatter settlements- (Favelas and Rochina)
        • Challenges:
          • Crime gangs
          • Construction
          • Health services
          • Unemployment
        • Solutions:
          • Site and service scheme
          • Charities
          • Favella Bairo project
          • Self help (DIY)
          • Rural imrovements
    • Bristol (Case Study)
      • Social Opportunities
        • Sport
        • Entertainment
        • Shopping
      • Economic Opportunities
        • Industry high tech
        • Defence
        • Aerospace
        • Ardman Animation (EG: Wallace and Gromit)
      • Social Inquality
        • Stoke Bishop (Rich)
          • Untitled
  • Challenge: Gang violence

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