Treatment of the Peasantry

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  • Peasantry
    • Housing
      • Izba - single room oven heated
        • but controlled by peasants
      • Stalin cheaply constructed housing blocks
        • near collective farms
      • Khrushchev - agrotowns but cheap/ overcrowded
    • Political representation
      • Zemstva = little. property qualifications needed
      • Same with Duma - 3rd element = teachers, doctors
      • Lenin on party unity 1921- only Bolsheviks
      • Land captains AIII
    • Working conditions
      • Mir = 9 acre plots constant redistribution.No targets
      • 1930's tractor due to investment
      • Collectivisation, removed incentives less efficient
      • Khrushchev = higher price for grain, no collectives
    • Famine
      • 1891 Vyshnegradsky took grain away from peasants despite starvation
      • WW1 - Food left to rot - export to front line  - bread queues 8hrs.
      • 1921 - Grain requisitioning - reluctance to accept American aid - NEP.
      • Collectivisation - hoarding grain - shot if ate grain.
      • 1947 - Failed VLS but agriculture not just  industry. accepted American grain needed.

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