Unit 1: Studying Society

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  • Created on: 05-12-12 14:47
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  • Unit 1: Studying Society
    • Research Methods
      • Sampling
        • Sample- The group of people who have been selected for your study.
          • Sampling Frame- A complete List from which your sample is collected.
            • Representative- Your sample is typical of those in a larger group.
              • Generalisations- Your findings will reflect the views of everyone else who could have been asked.
        • Sampling Technique: Random, Stratified, Systematic, Quota, Snowball and opportunistic.
      • Primary Research
        • Questionnaires
        • Pilot Study- Study on a small number of respondents to check you will get the responses you need.
        • Structured interviews- List of questions set, delivered fact to face or by telephone.
          • Unstructured interviews- Informal, guided conversation, list of prompts/ ideas as opposed to questions.
        • Observation
          • Participant, non participant, covert, overt.
        • Experiment- Something you do when you are testing out/ trying out an idea.
          • Types: Lab, field.
      • Longitudinal studies- Stufy of the same group of people over a long period of time, can last a number of years.
      • Official Statistics- Collected by the government/ government bodies.
      • Secondary  Data
        • Letters, diaries, novels, autobiographies etc.
          • Content analysis- exploring the contents of the various media in order to find out how a particular issue is presented.
      • Inequality, power and authority
        • Social issue- something we are concerned about
        • Status- honour or prestige attached to a person's position in society
        • Power- an individual or group's ability to get what they want, despite opposition from others.
        • Authority- the exercise of power based n consent or agreement.
      • Quantitative data- data which is represented in the number form or something that can be measured.
        • Qualitative data- descriptions of people's feeling about a particular subject or event.
          • Reliability- data is more reliable when different researchers using the same methods obtain the same results.
            • Validity- data is valid if it presents a true and accurate description or measurement of what is being studied.
    • Social Structure
      • Societies are built up of different parts and organised in some ways, this keeps society stable.
      • Social stratification- different groups in society are placed at different levels.
        • Social class- people having the same social status measured by such things as occupation and income.
        • Ethnicity- the classification of people into groups that share the same culture, history and identity.
        • Gender- the social and cultural differences between the sexes, between femininity and masculinity.
      • Social control- people learn the expectation and values of society though socialization and if they do not follow the guidelines of society, then they are punished in some way.
      • Informal- approval/ disapproval of those around us whose views we regard as important.
        • Formal- when we are given rules to follow.
      • Social issue- something we are concerned about.
    • Inequality Power and Authority
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Good, detailed! thanks

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