Unit 1.1.5

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  • Unit 1.1.5
    • Balanced diet
      • Why do you need a balanced diet?
        • It provides energy, Repairs tissue damage, Helps the body to grow, and Contributes to goof general health.
      • Definition of Diet:
        • The normal food we eat.
      • Calories in the diet should equate the calories used.
      • 7 factors of a balanced diet:
        • 1.Fibre 2.Fat 3.Water 4.Vitamins 5.Protein 6.Carbohydrates 7.Minerals
      • Macro nutrients:Large amounts
        • Fat, Proteins and carbohyrates
      • Micro nutrients: Small amounts, repair and growth
        • Vitamins and minerals
      • Water and Fibre:
        • Temperature and digestion.
    • Exercise, Diet, Work and Rest
      • Exercise prepare the body so it is physically capable of completing tasks without exhaustion.
      • A good diet will see that the correct amount of calorie intake provides the body with enough energy to complete tasks.
      • Work and rest create a mental and physical balance. These provide times which are demanding and times when the body can recover.
      • The balance of diet, work, and rest reducers the risk of health problems such as:
        • Heart Disease, Strokes, Cancer, Diabetes, Stress, and High Blood Pressure.
    • Blood-shunting
      • The flow of blood from areas (such as the gut, which causes stitches) into the muscles during exercise.
    • Carbohydrate loading
      • 1 week before comp.: Deplete carbohydrate levels after intensive training
        • 4/5 days before:Reduce training intensity, build up glycogen levels in muscles.
          • During: Stores reduce levels of fatigue and help maintain performance level
            • After: Fluids to rehydrate, eat small amounts of carbohydrates.
              • 1 week before comp.: Deplete carbohydrate levels after intensive training
                • 4/5 days before:Reduce training intensity, build up glycogen levels in muscles.
                  • During: Stores reduce levels of fatigue and help maintain performance level
                    • After: Fluids to rehydrate, eat small amounts of carbohydrates.
                    • Carbohydrate loading

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