Criminology UNIT 4

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  • Created on: 26-02-19 16:44
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  • Unit 4 AC1.3
    • Herbert Packer in 1968 constructed 2 models of criminal justice.
      • These models offer ways in which agencies and policies may be shaped in order to be effective at controlling crime and reoffending. These models are viewed as opposite ends of the spectrum as they present contrasting ideas.
    • DUE PROCESS
      • Focuses on fundamental fairness, and that justice should concentrate on the defendant's rights, not necessarily the victims. It believes that agency and police powers should be limited to avoid 'oppression'.
      • 'Innocent until proven guilty' mind-set'. Focuses on rehabilitation of the defendant, using punishments such as community service, fines, and weak sentencing.
      • Gary Weddel went through a due process trial as he was released on bail and was allowed to see his children.
      • Typically associated with Left Realism.
    • CRIME CONTROL
      • Promotes victim's rights rather than protecting the defendant's rights. Police powers and agencies should be expanded to give more control to investigate, search and seize. Believes repression is necessary and order is necessary.
      • 'Guilty until proven innocent' mind-set, using harsher punishments such as harsh sentencing and capital punishment. Rehabilitation is not followed in the Crime Control model.
      • Colin Stag was tried with the crime control model because he was kept in custody for 13 months and suffered entrapment. The authorities focused on imprisoning him and treated him very poorly.
      • Typically associated with Right Realism.

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