Unit 1

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  • Sociology - Unit 1
    • Norms
      • A norm is a common form of behaviour which most people in society follow.
        • Norms have been generally established over time.
          • Norms are passed on from generation to generation and are adapted to fit the changing social climate.
      • Examples of norms are:
        • Wearing a seatbelt in the car
          • Forming queues in an orderly fashion.
      • People who don't follow norms are considered deviant.
        • Sociologists believed norms are crucial to society and act like a 'social glue'
    • Values
      • A value is a general principle or belief which the majority of society agrees on.
      • Values develop over time
        • They are stable but are able to change
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          • They provide themes which underlie social norms.
      • Examples of values are:
        • Attending school shows that we value education.
        • Wearing a seatbealt in the car shows we value human life.
      • Sociologists disagree on whose values become society's dominant values.
        • Values of ethnic groups, the rich or even politicians who propose the laws of society could be society's dominant values.
    • Status
      • A status is a perceived social standing/position of an individual or group.
        • It is based on social position/standing in society.
          • Status is associated with prestige, honour and social standing.
          • There is high status and low status however you can hold both statuses.
      • Achieved Status
        • A status that is earned, based on merit/talent or action.
      • Ascribed Status
        • A status given to a person that is fixed and hard to alter. (Can be born into it) (Royalty)

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