UK to Spain Migration

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  • UK to Spain migration
    • Facts
      • around 750,000 permanently living
      • majority economically inactive
      • 60% are over the age of 45
    • Push Factors
      • rising crime rates
      • weather
      • high taxation + increasing house prices
      • lack of space
      • Congestion
      • low environmental quality
    • Pull Factors
      • cheaper housing
      • cost of living
        • receive same pension-lower tax rates + food +drink cheaper
          • creates more disposable income
      • better weather
        • hotter summers + mild winters
      • relaxed lifestyle
        • slower pace of life
      • low cost airlines have made it easier + cheaper to travel back home
      • leisure facilities
      • health care
        • people who receive UK pension receive free health care anywhere in EU
      • Expatriate society - network of British already living there
    • Impacts on Source Nations
      • Social
        • fewer old people to look after
          • reduces dependency ratio
          • less stress on health care
        • separation of families
        • decrease aging population
          • reduces net migration
          • fewer problems
      • Economical
        • loss of highly experienced work force
          • especially if retired early
        • loss of potential child minders
          • more cost for family with young children
        • grey pound spent overseas
        • less people paying taxes
          • to support health care, education + aging population
      • Environmental
        • relieves pressure for new homes
          • there to build on greenfield sites
        • less demand on reousrces
        • less people emitting CO2 - less pollution
    • Impacts on Host Nations
      • Social
        • Britain's not integrated with local community
          • English news papers sold in Costa Blanca
          • English bars + shops
        • increased net migration
        • emigrant "ghettos" are created with little social + cultural integration
          • Costa Delsol
          • immigrants seek to enter local politics
            • 100 since 2000
      • Economical
        • increased spending in local economy
          • some retirees highly affluent
        • jobs created in construction, retail, legal _ health care services
        • land once wasted can be used for new hours/ villas
        • some benefits + health care borne by host country
      • Environmental
        • flood risk as urban areas develop
        • water supply are strained in semi arid areas
        • large scale villa development
          • degraded biodiversity
          • destroyed coastal landscapes

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